PID is the inflammation of female reproductive organs ( uterus, ovaries, cervix, endometrium, and the fallopian tubes,) caused by the infection of sexually transmitted bacteria as well as the normal bacteria present in the vagina, though this latter happens sometimes. However, the bacterium enters via the vagina and reaches to the uterus, fallopian tube, and ovaries. Delaying PID treatment for long-term, could later lead to the formation of scars with fibrous band growth between the surrounding organs and tissues.
Causes of PID
Unprotected sex can cause PID very easily.
• It also may result from a termination of pregnancy or childbirth.
• Likewise, having past history of PID and STD.
• PID are mostly by sexually transmitted infections ( gonorrhea and chlamydia) .
• It can be transmitted from the non-sexually transmitted infections such as bacterial vaginosis.
• PID is likely to occur after the rupture of an appendix.
• Also, ruptured bowel infections can also cause PID sometimes.
Factors of PID
An endometrial biopsy also increases the risk of PID due to some bacterial infections during the biopsy.
• Appendicitis: It slightly increases the risk because the infection from appendices spread over the pelvic regions.
• Childbirth, abortion or miscarriage can make the vaginal mouth not close. This makes the high possibility of bacteria to enter into the reproductive organs.
• An intrauterine device (IUD): It is a type of birth control placed into the uterus, which increases the risk of developing PID.
• Douching: Douching is washing or cleaning out the vagina with water or other mixtures of fluids. Frequent douching may be at risk for developing PID.
• Women who are having several sexual partners.
• People who do not use barrier contraceptives
• Women who are under age of 25years and sexually active.
Majority of women do not usually have any signs and symptoms. However, when the condition becomes mild to serious, symptoms that may arise are:
• Pain in the abdomen is the most common symptoms
• Pain during sex
• Irregular and long-lasting periods
• Unusual discharge with bad odour from vagina
• Feeling very tired
• Pain during urination or hard time to go
• Fever (temperature 38° C [100.4° F] or higher) or chills
• Fainting and vomiting
• Often urination
PID sometimes leads to long-term problems when it is not treated in the early stage.
• Abscess in fallopian tubes and ovaries
• Long-term pain in pelvic and around the abdomen
• Ectopic pregnancy which means the fertilized egg implants itself outside the womb, mostly in one of the fallopian tube
• Recurrent pelvic inflammatory disorder
Treatment for your Partner
To prevent sexually transmitted infections, your partner should go for test and treatment before having sex.
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Avoid sexual intercourse until treatment gets to finish and tests indicate the infection has cleared.
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Immediate Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
• You can reduce your PID by having sexual relationship with only your spouse.
• Use condom while having sex
• Go for tests for STI before having sex with your partner
• The only way to prevent PID is not to have sex
• Get regular check for STI tests
• Women with multiple sexual partners should go for thorough screening
• Sexually active women age 24 or younger, should go for screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea
• If you are a new couple, go for tests before starting to have sex