Acne vulgaris- an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The cause of Acne vulgaris is Propionibacterium acne in adolescence, under the influence of normal circulating dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Acne has been a very common skin disease, coming with inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions on the face, the upper arms, trunk, and back.
This is common with old women with existing acne having been subjected to stress when a localized but explosive pattern of the disease appears.
It is a severe form of the disease which affects the face, back, and limbs. Cystic and pustular lesions occur and scarring may be marked. This occurs mainly in men.
Also, this is an immunologically induced severe systemic variant of acne conglobata. The clinical features are those of acne conglobata plus the classic delayed hypersensitivity systemic reaction with splenomegaly, arthropathy, and rashes.
This happens with the long-term antibiotic treatment of acne. Acne which was well controlled suddenly appears to “escape” from control. This condition takes the form of a sudden eruption of small follicular pustules.
- Exposure to extremely hot or cold temperatures
- Oily skin
- Endocrine disorders
- Use of drugs, such as cortisone, male hormones, or oral contraceptives
- Family history of acne
- Some cosmetics
Hormones: At around 8 years of age, the adrenal glands start to produce androgens (male hormone) and the amount produced gradually increases during puberty. The sebaceous glands respond to androgens by producing more sebum and sometimes whiteheads (closed comedones) may develop in young children.
Sebaceous gland blockage: The skin cells lining the upper part of the hair follicle duct are not shed as normal but accumulate and form a plug (comedone). This trapps the oil behind it.
Bacteria and inflammation: Increased numbers of acne bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes) accumulate in the duct and contribute to the inflammation that develops in the pimples.
Genetics: Hereditary factors contribute, however we are yet to know exactly how this works.
Stress: Adrenal glands produce more androgens when an individual undergoes stress, therefore making acne worse.
Diet: Certain diets may contribute to the development of acne, we however lack good scientific data on this.
Occupation: In rare cases, people working in certain industries may develop occupational acne where strict Work Health and Safety regulations have not been observed.
- Skin lesions and scarring can be a source of significant emotional distress. Nodules and cysts can be painful. Lesion types frequently coexist at different stages.
- Comedones appear as whiteheads or blackheads. Whiteheads (closed comedones) are flesh-colored or whitish palpable lesions 1 to 3 mm in diameter; blackheads (open comedones) are similar in appearance but with a dark center.
- Papules and pustules are red lesions 2 to 5 mm in diameter. Papules are relatively deep. Pustules are more superficial.
- Nodules are larger, deeper, and more solid than papules. Such lesions resemble inflamed epidermoid cysts, although they lack true cystic structure.
- Cysts are suppurative nodules. Rarely, cysts form deep abscesses. Long-term cystic acne can cause scarring that manifests as tiny and deep pits (icepick scars), larger pits, shallow depressions, or hypertrophic scarring or keloids.
Stage 1: Mix equal amounts of lemon juice and rose water. Apply this mixture on the affected areas with cotton and leave it for an hour. Continue doing this for about 15 to 20 days to have the desired results.
Stage 2: Combine a tablespoon of dried or fresh yeast with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice. Apply this combination on your face and keep it on till it dries off. Now, wash it with warm water.
Stage 3: Mix turmeric powder with mint juice and form a paste. Apply this on the acne-infected area and keep on for 30 minutes. After that, wash it with lukewarm water.
Stage 4: Mix 1 tsp of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and squeeze 1/2 lemon into it. Drink this every morning, on an empty stomach.
There are several ways to help prevent the development of acne. Not all preventive measures will work for all people, however, and no technique is guaranteed to be effective.
Techniques for helping to prevent acne include:
Keeping the face clean: ensure to always keep your face cleaned roughly twice daily using warm water and mild soap in order to remove impurities and dead skin cells from the surface. Avoid washing the face too often, however, and do not use harsh soap or cleanser.
Moisturize: Moisturizing can help to keep the skin moist and prevent it from peeling. Products with “non-comedogenic” on the label should not block the pores and thus also not contribute to acne.
Diet and exercise: Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and low in fats and sugars may help to control acne. Similarly, getting plenty of exercises may also help to prevent acne outbreaks, as well as promoting general good health. After exercising, be sure to wash away any residual sweat, as this can contribute to acne.
Avoid makeup: Limiting makeup use may help to prevent an acne outbreak. Any makeup that is used should be oil-free and non-comedogenic.
Shampoo often: Wash the hair regularly with shampoo. If the hair is particularly oily, use shampoo daily.
Don’t touch: Avoid the temptation to touch the face throughout the day and be sure not to squeeze, pick or pop pimples; this will allow the acne to heal naturally.
Avoid excessive sunlight and tanning beds: Too much exposure to the sun and the use of tanning beds may damage the skin and is therefore out of recommendation.
Triple T wishes you sound health!